RSA 2020 San Francisco Recap
Evolving Hazards, Emerging Hope and the Expanding Human Element
The theme at the RSA conference this year is the “Human Element” — the critical role of individuals in the efficacy of organizational security measures. Along with sessions about the hazards of IT complexity and the hope of ethical AI, the expanding impact of COVID-19 concerns offered a real-world example of human elements at work, highlighting how IT staff can both help — and hamper — the effectiveness of infosec efforts.
Here’s a look back on some of my biggest takeaways from RSA 2020.
Curtailing Control Complexity
Recent survey data shows that over 40 percent of IT teams now suffer “cybersecurity fatigue”, with 96 percent citing complexity as the overriding factor. It makes sense; with so many vendors, environments and alerts to manage it’s easy for IT experts to find themselves falling behind.
In his RSA 2020 session, DevSecOps State of the Union, NCC research director Clint Gibler advocated a shift away from overly-complex scanning technologies such as static application security testing (SAST) and dynamic application security testing (DAST) in favor of simpler solutions that teams can easily run in-situ. "Instead of having a very complex investigation into your car about all the possible ways that things could go wrong,” he said, “just build nice, easy seatbelts and awesome airbags that make it so that, even if something goes wrong, you are mostly fine."
The takeaway for IT pros? Find a balance. While increasing solution and system complexity represents a growing hazard for infrastructure and application management, tossing densely-packed defensive technologies in favor of simple alternative isn’t the only answer. Although it’s critical to deploy more accessible evaluation processes that experts can apply on-demand, more in-depth assessments are also required to ensure apps aren’t being compromised during their initial runtime or reverse-engineered to provide hackers actionable data.
Here, intelligent tools and machine learning initiatives can help bridge the gap, letting IT pros focus on immediate concerns without being overwhelmed by ongoing system alerts.
Leveraging the AI Advantage
Speaking of machine learning, as expected, artificial intelligence (AI) also took center stage at RSA 2020. As noted by Information Age, a capture the flag competition that pitted 70 tech experts against AI algorithms returned a consistent result: Humans weren’t able to demolish AI defenses. The result wasn’t all bad — sponsor Unisys donated $10,000 to the Women in Cyber Security (WiCyS) group and the competition offered a key insight: In some cases, AI outperforms human insight.
For example, while staff may have trouble assessing the accuracy and reliability of social posts and videos that may have been “deep faked” to appear real or socially engineered to cause compromise, making the right call is no problem for advanced AI tools. The caveat? It’s essential to create ML and AI solutions that are themselves trustworthy and easy-to-use, or else potential problems simply shift location from outside the organization to inside IT perimeters. This ties into the “AI for Good” movement, which focuses on the help — and hope — offered by intelligent infosec efforts.
It’s also essential for enterprise to recognize the impact of human elements: While AI tools excel at detecting potential outliers and processing alerts at speed, trained IT staff still have the edge when it comes to developing new defensive strategies and ensuring other employees are equipped to handle potential process pandemics.
Highlighting the Human Element
The RSA tagline for 2020 was undeniably relevant, since insider risks remain the biggest threat to enterprise cybersecurity — but it took on an almost prescient posture as increasing fears of a COVID-19 outbreak negatively impacted RSA attendance. While the official tallies put the number of attendees at just 36,000 compared to last year’s 42,000, it only felt to me as though the show floor has slightly fewer attendees and certainly much more frequent use of hand sanitizer which seemed to be everywhere.
The growing fears around human-to-human transmission neatly mirror the issues faced by IT teams: Humans are often the weakest link in any IT security plan, not from malice, but from a lack of effective training and tools.
Consider recent warnings to U.S. citizens about the use of masks to prevent Coronavirus: The CDCnotes that healthy people wearing masks can actually increase their risk due to overconfidence in the defensive mechanism — as they regularly touch the mask to adjust it, they could unwittingly increase their chances of infection.
The same holds true for many tried-and-true “secdevops” techniques, such as SAST and DAST. While they provide a measure of protection against security vulnerability or application compromise, they’re not catch-all solutions.
Combined with reduced IT complexity and improved AI solutions, RSA 2020 highlights emerging potential to hack the human element and deliver improved defenses on-demand.