Categories
DevSecOps

10 DevSecOps Best Practices to Implement Now

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Organizations are under constant pressure to deliver software faster and more efficiently. In response, many have turned to DevOps, a set of practices that emphasizes communication, collaboration, and integration between software developers and IT operations professionals.

However, simply adopting DevOps practices is not enough to ensure success. To truly reap the benefits of DevOps, organizations must also adopt a security-minded approach known as DevSecOps.

DevSecOps is a set of practices that focus on integrating security into the software development lifecycle. By automating code scanning, defect reporting, and incorporating security into the development process, organizations can reduce the risk of vulnerabilities and ensure that their applications are secure.

In this article, we will discuss 10 DevSecOps best practices that your organization can implement now.

10 DevSecOps Best Practices To Implement Now

The speed and complexity of modern software development have made it necessary for organizations to adopt DevSecOps practices in order to remain competitive. DevSecOps is a set of best practices that seek to integrate security into the software development process. By doing so, organizations can more effectively secure their applications and reduce the risk of defects.

There are many DevSecOps best practices that organizations can adopt, but some are more important than others. Here are 10 of the most important DevSecOps best practices to implement now:

1. Shift Left

The first and arguably most important DevSecOps best practice is to shift security left. What this means is that security testing should be integrated as early as possible into the software development process, rather than tacked on at the end. By doing this, security risks can be identified and mitigated much more effectively.

2. Implement Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery

If you’re not already using continuous integration (CI) and continuous delivery (CD), now is the time to start. CI/CD are key components of DevOps, and are essential for implementing DevSecOps best practices.

With CI/CD, teams can automatically build, test, and deploy code changes. This helps ensure that code changes are integrated and delivered quickly and efficiently. It also helps reduce the risk of human error.

3. Implement Obfuscation Techniques

One of the best ways to protect your code from being reverse engineered is to use obfuscation techniques. Obfuscation is the process of making code difficult to understand, to obscure its meaning If you will. Doing so makes it more difficult for attackers to understand the code and find vulnerabilities.

Many different obfuscation techniques can be used, such as code encryption, code compression, and white-box cryptography.

4. Threat Modeling

Threat modeling is the process of identifying, quantifying, and prioritizing the risks to your systems and data. It’s a key part of DevSecOps, and it’s important to do it early and often.

There are many ways to approach threat modeling, but one popular method is the STRIDE method. This involves identifying six different types of risks:

  • Spoofing – When someone pretends to be someone else
  • Tampering – When someone modifies data
  • Repudiation – When someone denies having performed an action
  • Information disclosure – When someone gains access to data they should not have
  • Denial of service – When someone prevents legitimate users from accessing a system
  • Elevation of privilege – When someone gains access to a system or data to which they should not have access

5. Adopt a Microservices Architecture

One of the key benefits of DevSecOps is that it enables you to adopt a microservices architecture. This means breaking up your monolithic applications into smaller, more manageable services.

There are several benefits to this approach:

  • Services can be developed, tested, and deployed independently
  • Services can be scaled independently
  • Services can be updated without affecting the rest of the application

A microservices architecture also makes it easier to implement security controls. For example, you can deploy security controls at the service level, rather than at the application level.

6. Use Cloud-native Technologies

The world is moving to the cloud, and so is DevOps. But DevOps in the cloud is different than DevOps on-premises. When DevOps teams move to the cloud, they need to use cloud-native technologies.

Cloud-native technologies are those designed to run in the cloud. They are built to be scalable, fault-tolerant, and easy to manage.

Some of the most popular cloud-native technologies include:

  • Containers (Docker, Kubernetes)
  • Microservices
  • Serverless computing
  • NoSQL databases (MongoDB, Cassandra)

If DevOps teams want to be successful in the cloud, they need to use these cloud-native technologies.

7. Encrypt Data in Motion

Another important DevSecOps best practice is to encrypt data in motion. This means that data should be encrypted when being transferred between different systems. This is important because it helps protect the data from being intercepted and read by unauthorized people.

8. Implement Role-based Access Control

Organizations need to trust that the right people have access to the right information at the right time. Role-based access control (RBAC) is a security model that can help accomplish this. RBAC can be used to control who has access to what resources in an organization. It can also be used to control what actions users can take with those resources.

RBAC is an important part of DevSecOps best practices because it can help prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data and systems. It can also help ensure that only authorized users can make changes to systems and data.

9. Monitor and Log Activity

To ensure your system is secure, it’s important to monitor and log all activity. This way, you can see what’s happening on your system and identify any potential issues. By monitoring and logging activity, you can also detect patterns of behavior that may indicate an attempted attack.

10. Implement DevOps at All Levels of the Organization

The success of DevOps implementation cannot be overstated. In order to truly reap the benefits of DevOps, it must be implemented at all levels of the organization. What this means is that everyone, from the CEO to the front-line workers, must be on board with the DevOps philosophy. This can be a challenge, but it’s important to remember that DevOps is about culture first and foremost. Only by getting everyone on board with the culture change can an organization hope to fully reap the benefits of DevOps.


Getting Started

It’s easy to see how following best practices can help keep your software development process safe and secure. Implementing these 10 DevSecOps best practices is a great way to get started, but it’s only the beginning.

Make sure you also have the right tools in place, like PreEmptive Solutions‘ products, which make it easy to follow standard processes and ensure that your code is always up-to-date and compliant.

Want to learn more? Check out our product pages for more information on how we can help you stay safe and secure while you develop amazing software.


Categories
DevSecOps

Defining Data Obfuscation and How It Works Within Your Development

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Nowadays, the stakes of cybersecurity are higher and the methods of data breaches are becoming more sophisticated. Cyberattackers are inventing more lethal data breach strategies such as reverse engineering tools, decompilers, and disassemblers.

In response, developers must take extra steps to ensure the safety and security of their code and their users’ data. The healthcare industry is the most targeted by hackers, followed by the financial services and retail sectors. According to a study cited by the National Library of Medicine, there were 2216 incidences of data breaches reported across 65 countries in 2018 alone. Among these data breach incidences, the healthcare industry faced 536 breaches. 

Software development is one of the most affected industry sectors. In fact, data from the recent IBM report showed that software development was the target of 44% of all ransomware attacks in 2021. Findings from research conducted by Positive Technologies show that mobile banking applications are the most affected by cybercrime. The study also showed that common cyberattacks and cyber vulnerabilities are caused by names of classes and methods explicitly written in the source code, without being masked or encrypted through methods such as code obfuscation.

The need for masking is increasing as stakes in cybercrime rise. Data from CBinsights shows that data masking will grow to be an $800M industry by 2023. As you can see, data obfuscation is important for many reasons. Not only does it protect your intellectual property, but it also helps to keep user data safe and secure.

What Is Data Obfuscation and Why Should I Care?

So, what is data obfuscation? In their guide, Brunton and Nissenbaum define data obfuscation as “the deliberate use of ambiguous, confusing, or misleading information to interfere with surveillance and data collection projects.” In simple terms, it is a method of hiding data by making it difficult to interpret. App hardening is an excellent example of the use of data obfuscation and protection. It’s a technique used to protect information by making it unreadable and unusable to anyone who doesn’t have the proper key to unlock it.

This is accomplished by using some of the best practices of data protection such as encryption, code transformation, and watermarking. In the software development world, data obfuscation is important. It assists software developers to protect intellectual property, ensure the safety of user data, and prevent reverse engineering. For instance, software developers can prevent intellectual property theft through encryption. By encrypting code, it becomes much more difficult for non-authorized people to copy it or reverse engineer it.

The use of data obfuscation is becoming increasingly relevant, especially as businesses and start-ups move to the online space. A survey conducted by 451 Research LLC revealed that data obfuscation techniques are on the rise, partly due to accelerating DevOps and as developers’ access to production data rises. Findings from the survey revealed that 53% of organizations interviewed used data obfuscation methods to protect the organization’s developer infrastructure. However, mobile developers seem to be lagging behind in adopting data obfuscation strategies to prevent data breaches in their development activities. According to research by the Association for Computing Machinery, only 24.92% of the 1.7 million free Android apps from Google Play are obfuscated by the developers.

This is a concern because, as the number of mobile devices and apps increases, so does the risk of data breaches. A recent study by Kaspersky shows that nearly one-in-five (17% of internet users) have had private information leaked to the public without their consent. With the increasing number of data breaches, it is becoming more important than ever for developers to take measures to protect their code and user data. One way to do this is through data obfuscation.

Five Types of Software Vulnerabilities That Affect All Developers

As a developer, it is important to be aware of the different types of software vulnerabilities that can affect your code. By understanding these vulnerabilities, you can take steps to avoid them and keep your code safe. Here are five common software vulnerabilities:

1. SQL Injection

SQL injection is a type of attack that allows attackers to execute malicious SQL code on a database. This can be done by submitting malicious input into an application that then gets executed by the database. SQL injection can be used to access sensitive data, such as user passwords and credit card numbers. SQL injection can be prevented by using data obfuscation techniques, such as string encryption, and parameterized queries.

2. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)

Cross-site scripting is a type of attack that allows attackers to inject malicious code into a web page. This can be done by submitting malicious input into an application that is then displayed on the web page. XSS can be used to steal sensitive information, such as cookies and session IDs. It can also be used to inject malicious code into the web page, such as JavaScript code that redirects users to a malicious site.

XSS can be prevented by using data obfuscation techniques, such as input validation and output encoding. Input validation involves checking user input to ensure that it is valid before it is displayed on the web page. PreEmptive’s Dotfuscator uses input validation to verify the application’s integrity during runtime.

3. Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)

Cross-site request forgery is a type of attack that allows attackers to inject malicious code into a web page. This can be done by submitting a malicious link or form to a user. CSRF can be used to trick users into submitting sensitive information, such as their username and password. It can also be used to inject malicious code into the web page, such as JavaScript code that redirects users to a malicious site.

CSRF can be prevented by using data obfuscation techniques such as input validation and output encoding. Input validation involves checking user input to ensure that it is valid before it is processed by the application.

4. Session Hijacking

Session hijacking is a type of attack that allows attackers to take over a user’s session. This can be done by stealing the user’s session ID. Session hijacking can be used to access sensitive data, such as user passwords and credit card numbers. It can also be used to modify data, such as changing a user’s password or adding new users to a database. PreEmptive’s Dotfuscator is the best app shield against session hijacking.

5. Denial of Service (DoS)

Denial of service is a type of attack that prevents users from accessing a website or service. This can be done by overwhelming the website with traffic or by crashing the server. DoS can be used to make a website unavailable, such as by preventing users from being able to access the website or by slowing down the website so that it is unusable. Denial of service can be prevented by using data obfuscation techniques, such as input validation and output encoding.

Data obfuscation is an important tool that any developer should use in developing security application. By using data obfuscation techniques, such as input validation and output encoding, developers can make it much more difficult for attackers to inject malicious code into their web pages. This can help to prevent a wide range of attacks, including SQL injection, cross-site scripting, CSRF, session hijacking, and denial of service.


Don’t Let Your Data Fall Into the Wrong Hands

Data obfuscation is a critical step in software development, yet too often it is neglected. By understanding what data obfuscation is and how to apply it, you can protect your applications from hacking and tampering. PreEmptive’s comprehensive suite of obfuscation tools can help you secure your DevSecOps pipelines and investments. With our help, you can protect your systems and keep your data safe. Contact us today to learn more about our products and services!


Categories
DevSecOps

Review of The Top 3 Data Breaches in 2022

Reading Time: 5 minutes

According to the Identity Theft Resource Center, the first quarter (Q1) of 2022, saw 404 publicly reported data breaches that affected over 20 million records, leaving organizations worldwide scrambling to improve their security measures. That’s a staggering number, an increase of 14%, and it will only get worse in the remaining quarters of 2022.

These attacks have shown us how vulnerable our data is and how important it is to take steps to protect ourselves. In this blog post, we’ll look at the top three data breaches of 2022 and what we can learn from them. We’ll also discuss how PreEmptive can help you protect your applications and make them more resistant and resilient to hacking and tampering, protecting intellectual property, sensitive data, and revenue. Stay safe out there!

Top Three Data Breaches in 2022

Data breaches are never a good thing; we’ve had some serious ones in the last few years. From Equifax to Facebook, they all share one thing: your personal information! But something about someone accessing your information without authorization can make you feel unsafe, especially if it’s personal data like passwords or credit card numbers! These past few years have seen some major incidents in this field. Here is an updated list for 2022: 

1. Texas Department of Insurance (TDI)

In Texas, the Department of Insurance (TDI) announced that their web application, which manages workers’ compensation information, had encountered a security issue. Their investigation and audit report revealed that 1.8 million Texans’ data might have been exposed to the public for almost three years, from March 2019 to January 2022 inclusive!

Personal data breached included victims’ names, phone numbers, Social Security numbers, addresses, birthdates, and injury information, among others. The TDI attributed this breach to improper coding where someone exploited an injection point within programming codes that granted them internet privileges to unauthorized areas of their application.

TDI did more than fix the problem. In an effort to restore trust with those affected by this unfortunate event, they restored their online web application and offered 12 months of free credit monitoring services for those whose compensation claims had been leaked to the public. In addition, TDI reviewed all security measures as well as policies and procedures within the company to enhance current protection methods against any future cyberattacks.

This breach highlights the importance of implementing strong security measures, such as two-factor authentication and training employees on how to spot phishing attempts. It also highlights the importance of having a plan for what to do in the event of a data breach.

2. Toyota (February 2022)

The global automotive manufacturer Toyota was forced to suspend its operations in 14 factories following a suspected cyberattack. A spokesperson for the company said that they believed it was an issue with one of their suppliers, a plastic parts and electronics supplier called Kojima, who had vulnerabilities on their end. According to Kojima, an error message in one of their servers had suggested potential data theft attempts by hackers.

The recent cyberattack on Toyota left the company frustrated and vulnerable. The loss of the output of 13,000 vehicles is unprecedented for them! The reason behind these criminal acts and motive remains unclear, but we know that it has drastically affected business operations and customer trust.

This breach highlights the importance of keeping your systems up to date with the latest security patches. It also underscores the importance of having a robust security plan that includes incident response and data loss prevention.

3. Washington State Department of Licensing (January 2022)

In January, the Washington State Department of Licensing (DOL) revealed that a suspected data breach could have disclosed the personal information of over 250,000 professional licenses. Following investigations assisted by the Washington Office of Cybersecurity, it appears hackers stole sensitive personal data, social security numbers, license numbers, and dates of birth of approximately 650,000 professionals and business owners – current and former. The department was obliged to shut down to allow investigations. 

The Washington State Department of Licensing (DOL) also had to shut down its Professional Online Licensing and Regulatory Information to avoid being compromised and for its customers’ safety and security. In March, the department announced it was back in operations and would waive all late filings. The outage affected business owners and those whose licenses expired during the closure. The department issues licenses spanning 39 businesses and professions. 

The DOL did not have conclusive information about the data breach at the time. However, it assured its customers that other systems operated by the DOL, including vehicle and driver’s license systems, were under constant monitoring. 

This breach highlights the importance of having a robust malware detection and prevention system. It also underscores the importance of having a plan to respond to a data breach, including how to notify affected users and prevent attackers from accessing sensitive data.

Seven Reasons Why Setting a Security Budget Is Key to Preventing Catastrophic Breaches

As is seen from the examples above, data breaches can devastate businesses, no matter their size. That’s why having a security budget and a plan for developers is crucial.

A cybersecurity plan and budget are critical because:

  1. It saves money. The cost of a data breach can be astronomical. Data breaches can cost a business a lot of money in damages, legal fees, and lost customers. By investing in security now, you can avoid having to pay out massive sums of money later.
  2. It protects business reputation. Data breaches can do severe damage to a company’s reputation and make it harder to attract new customers. Having a solid security plan in place can help protect your business’s good name.
  3. It prevents regulatory fines and other penalties. A business can face hefty regulatory fines if it suffers a data breach. Having a security plan in place can help to avoid these costly penalties.
  4. It avoids lawsuits from customers or employees. A business responsible for a data breach can be sued by customers or employees. A security plan can help  avoid these costly lawsuits.
  5. It secures assets and information. Data breaches can put a company’s assets and information at risk. An investment in security helps protect valuable business assets.
  6. It provides room to upgrade your security. Because data breach techniques are ever-changing, a business may also need to keep upgrading systems. Having a security budget in place can ensure that the necessary resources to upgrade security are available as new threats arise or existing system flaws are identified.
  7. It provides a roadmap for recovery in case of a data breach. No security plan is perfect, and data breaches can still happen. But by having a security plan in place helps to ensure that a business is prepared for such an eventuality.

Choose PreEmptive, Choose Safety!

These three data breaches of 2022 show us just how important it is to take steps to protect our data. We must set a security budget for investing in security products like DevSecOps, have a plan in place for developers, and implement robust security application measures, such as two-factor authentication, app hardening, and training employees on how to spot phishing attempts.

We must also keep our systems up to date with the latest security patches and have a robust security plan that includes incident response and data loss prevention. Don’t wait until it’s too late. Invest in security today with PreEmptive protection products!

PreEmptive can help you protect your applications and make them more resistant to hacking and tampering, protecting intellectual property, sensitive data, and revenue.


Categories
DevSecOps

Application Development Security Trends 

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Threats to application security are ever-evolving, and finding ways to adapt to these changes is key to successfully protecting businesses and the privacy of their customers. 

In 2021, developers working on application development security shifted their focus to an earlier stage in the SDLC. Rather than putting measures into place to react to security threats and attacks once they happen, developers began trying in earnest to integrate security measures into the code. 

Developers were also spending a lot of time on cloud security in 2021. Corporate applications and application programming interfaces (APIs) are becoming increasingly cloud-based, so strengthening cloud security measures is critical. Unfortunately, companies remain extremely vulnerable to attacks. In a study of corporate sites in 2021, NTT Application Security found 50% had at least one serious exploitable vulnerability. 

For this reason, security efforts in 2022 are in many ways expanding on concepts from the previous year. These are some of the most significant trends in security for applications that have emerged in recent years.

Protection for APIs

APIs become more integral to businesses every day. In fact, 98% of enterprise leaders say that APIs are an essential part of their plans for digital transformation. They can be seen in practically every aspect of day-to-day life, from reserving plane tickets to ordering dinner to transferring funds. 

Such explosive growth in API usage has equated to a significant increase in attacks against them, and subsequently created a need for equipping APIs with better defense mechanisms. The primary focus for many web developers used to be web application security, but due to recent trends in API usage they have now begun to shift their focus to improving security for APIs.

Today, the web attack surface for corporations has become more of a mixture of both web applications and APIs, so it’s important to pay equal attention to security for both. While there are some parallels and overlaps between security for web applications and for APIs, there are also unique API challenges that developers are encountering for the first time. 

In response, experts expect to see continued developments in security measures designed specifically for APIs. By reducing their vulnerabilities, developers will create a much more secure digital network for businesses.  

Consolidating Security Operations

In a world of near-constant cyber attacks, security operations center (SOC) teams have never been more necessary or more overloaded. A study by Enterprise Management Associates shows that 79% of security teams feel overwhelmed by the volume of threat alerts, with 27% seeing more than 1 million alerts per day. 

This creates a number of problems. For one, urgent threats can get lost in a sea of alerts, putting companies at risk. When genuine threats slip through the cracks, they can quickly become incredibly costly for businesses. 

Another hindrance for modern SOCs is that business networks are comprised of so many different elements. In many cases, various aspects of networks, including on-premise environments and the cloud, are protected by separate security solutions. This creates an inefficient and cumbersome system that makes security more challenging for everyone involved. 

To rectify these issues, there is a push to consolidate and simplify security systems so that they can address a company’s entire IT network. On top of that, there is increasing pressure to incorporate the implementation and testing of security into every stage of the SDLC

Ensuring that all members of a company across all departments have a consistent understanding of the potential cyber-threats that exist, how to prevent them, and what to do if they occur is vital for maintaining robust cybersecurity measures. Ultimately, a company-wide understanding of cybersecurity makes threat detection and response more efficient and effective. 

Automation in Security Operations

Adding to the struggle to optimize SOCs is the tendency for teams conducting manual research to follow-up on false positives. No matter how well trained a team may be, human error is unavoidable. Studies have shown that almost half of all alerts are actually false positives. When they are pursued, the result is wasted resources, excessive downtime, and enormous financial losses.  

One strategy to reduce the frequency of false positives is more reliance on machine learning and artificial intelligence. These automated systems are capable of analyzing data with a very high degree of accuracy, and they have also been shown to reduce costs and response times.  

Despite all of these benefits, there is still a lot of work to do to fully capitalize on automation in SOCs. Additional research and expertise in how to train and maintain automated systems are necessary for them to be truly effective. Overall, however, automation in SOCs is a valuable and promising area for developers to pursue. 

Integrated Security Solutions for the Cloud

Finally, it’s impossible to discuss current security trends without addressing cloud-based programs and systems. There are substantial benefits to using cloud storage and systems, including the fact that it is flexible and allows for remote work. These and other factors have led to an enormous cloud services market that is only expected to continue to grow. The notable downside is that security developments have lagged behind the rapid market growth. 

In contrast to all its advantages, the cloud creates dangerous vulnerabilities for corporate assets and data, so securing it is of the utmost importance. At this stage, businesses store at least 48% of their data on the cloud, including classified and unencrypted material. For this reason, one of the biggest efforts in application security for the foreseeable future will be finding better solutions for securing the cloud. 

One necessary step is to improve and increase the number of security solutions that are actually designed for, and at times integrated, into the cloud. This is not only a better system, but it is also the preference of business leaders. 


The Best App Security

Application security is a complex landscape with high stakes. Properly protecting applications and data can mean the difference between having a successful or failed business. 

In these circumstances, seeking out the best possible security provider is an important step. As a global provider available for use on multiple platforms, PreEmptive offers professional app hardening with a line of premium obfuscation tools. There’s no better time to make application security a priority. Visit the PreEmptive products page to see all of the available options for increasing your application security.